Lista degli Inquisitori di Sicilia (1500-1738)

Dizionario di eretici, dissidenti e inquisitori nel mondo mediterraneo
Edizioni CLORI | Firenze | ISBN 978-8894241600 | DOI 10.5281/zenodo.1309445

List of Inquisitors of the tribunal of Spanish Inquisition in Sicily (1500-1738)

NOTA BENE:
For an history of the Inquisition in Sicily see: http://www.ereticopedia.org/inquisizione-sicilia
For a list of Inquisitors from 1738 to 1782 see: http://www.ereticopedia.org/list-of-inquisitors-of-the-sicilian-inquisition-1738-1782

Tribunal of the Spanish Inquisition in Sicily was created in 1500 and existed formally until 1738, when was transformed into independent structure. However, from 1720 it was no longer subordinated to Suprema in Madrid, but to „schismatic” Council of Inquisition residing in Vienna under Emperor Charles VI Habsburg as pretender to Spanish Crown.

Under Spanish rule (1500–1713)

The following is the list of the Inquisitors of the tribunal of the Spanish Inquisition in Sicily from its creation in 1500 until 1713, when the island came under the rule of the House of Savoy (only dates of appointments are given).

• Giacomo Scalambro OP (1500)
• Reginaldo Montoro OP (1500)
• Pietro Belforado OSB (1501)
• Giovanni de Arriola (1509)
• Martino Aguinaga (1510)
• Leonardo Denpeda (1510)
• Alfonso Bernal (1511)
• Diego de Bonilla (1512)
• Giovanni Villava (1512)
• Melchiorre Cervera (1512)
• Tristano Calvete (1516)
• Palmeri de Gudinni (1520)
• Santo Lopez de Ugarte (1520)
• Agostino de Camargo (1526)
• Lopez Martinez de la Gunella (1528)
• Arnaldo Albertini (1535)
• Diego de Aron (1537)
• Stefano la Cueva (1542)
• Pietro Gongora (1543)
• Giovanni Scortez (1546)
• Bartolomeo Sebastian (1546)
• Niccolo Vincenzo de Bononia (1547)
• Francesco Horosco de Arze (1552)
• Francesco de Alpueze (1555)
• Giovanni Horosco (1562)
• Giovanni Biserra de la Quadra (1563)
• Giovanni Retana (1563)
• Giovanni Penaranda (1565)
• Giovanni Quintanilla d’Andaluzia (1569)
• Bernardo Gasco (1572)
• Gomez de Carvajal (1572)
• Antonino Mausino de Pacos (1574)
• Giovanni Royas (1577)
• Diego Ayedo (1577)
• Diego Beltom (1577)
• Giovanni de la Pegna (1578)
• Giovanni Correonero (1579)
• Sigismondo Hedo (1582)
• Giovanni de Aymar (1582?)
• Alonso la Pena (1585)
• Ludovico de Paramo (1586)
• Lopez de Varaona (1587)
• Martino de Olloqui (1589)
• Giovanni Garrido de Espinar (1590)
• Domenico Llanes de la Espreglia (1592)
• Pietro de Lhoyo (1597)
• Giovanni Gottierres (1600)
• Giovanni Villegas (1604)
• Ferdinando Martinengo (1606)
• Stefano Torresilla (1609)
• Antonino de Aranda y Alaxon (1609)
• Lorenzo Flores (1610)
• Pietro Torres y Moralez (1611)
• Giovanni de Torresilla (1620 and 1629)
• Michele (1620)
• Martino de Vivanco OP (1622)
• Giovanni la Cueva (1625)
• Martino Real (1626)
• Pietro Paduano (1629)
• Bernardo Luis de Cotoner (1633)
• Diego Garzia de Trasmiera (1634)
• Giovanni Perez de Barola (1637)
• Giovanni Morales (1638)
• Gonzalo Bravo de Granera (1639)
• Luigi de los Cameros (1641 and 1657)
• Giovanni Lopez de Cisneros (1646)
• Paolo Escobar y Borza (1649)
• Giovanni de la Guardia (1649)
• Marco Antonio Cotoner (1653)
• Francesco Giuseppe Crespos de Escobar (1657)
• Bernardo Vigil (1657)
• Manuel Monge y Amarita (1653)
• Francisco Valdes Grado y Riberas (1658)
• Gonsalvo de la Plata y Sandoval (1663)
• Tommaso de Cosio Rubin de Celis (1664)
• Sebastiano de Mongelos (1671)
• Antonino Nieto (1671)
• Cosimo Emanuele de Ovando (1675)
• Bartolomeo Ibanez (1676)
• Bernardo Henriquez Montalbo (1682)
• Raimondo Marton (1682)
• Diego Vincenzo de Vadaina (1685)
• Filippo Ignazio de Truzillo (1687)
• Pietro de Castro y Armida (1695)
• Francesco ‘Ortega (1695)
• Francesco Haulde (1695)
• Domenico de la Esprella y Estrada (1696)
• Francesco Miranda (1698)
• Giovanni Girolamo Arango (1700)
• Giuseppe la Raza Cosio (1700)
• Niccolo Hernandez de la Reguera (1708)
• Antonio Olivas (1709)

Under House of Savoy (1713–1720)

Spain lost control over Sicily in 1713 in favour of Savoy, but this did not change the status of the local Inquisition. New governement led to the appointments of new Inquisitors, but never put into question the subordination of the tribunal to the Supreme Council of Inquisition in Madrid.

• Pietro Galletti (1713-1720)
• Giovanni Todon (1713-1720)
• Niccolo Antonio Curione (1713-1720)
• Giovanni Silvio de Incola (1716-1720)

Under House of Austria

The situation changed significantly when the Island fell under control of the House of Austria in 1720. The Emperor Charles VI Habsburg still considered himself a lawful king of Spain and created in Vienna some kind of „Spanish governement in exile”, which included also the Council of the Inquisition with bishop Juan Navarro as it head with the title of Inquisitor General of Spain (in opposition to the Inquisitor General residing in Madrid). Pope Clement XI (1700–1721) officially recognised this dualism and Sicilian tribunal became the only provincial tribunal subordinated to this „schismatic” Council of the Spanish Inquisition residing in Vienna1. New governement dismissed all Inquisitors appointed under Savoyard regime and appointed new ones.

• Juan Ferrer (1720-1726)
• Jose de Luzan y Guasco (1720-1729)
• Blasio Antonio de Oloriz, (1720-1733)
• Teodoro di Lorenzo e Navarro (1726-1734)
• Antonino Franchina (1729-1739)
• Juan Iñiquez Abarca (1733-1739)

The fiction of belonging of the Sicilian tribunal to the structures of Spanish Inquisition lasted until 1738, when Pope Clement XII, at the request of the new (from 1735) king of Sicily Charles IV of the House of Bourbon, created independent Sicilian Inquisition with its own Inquisitor General. The papal breve of 3 October 1738 entered in force in January 1739. Out of two Inquisitors appointed under Austrian regime and still in office, Juan Iñiquez Abarca was dismissed, while Antonino Franchina was reappointed as provincial Inquisitor of the new tribunal and kept this post until his death in 1779.

Bibliografia

  • Antonino Franchina, Breve rapporto del tribunale della ss. Inquisizione di Sicilia, Regia Stamperia, Palermo 1744.
  • Marina Torres Arces, Inquisición, jurisdiccionalismo y reformismo borbónico. El tribunal de Sicilia en el siglo XVIII, in “Hispania Revista Española de Historia”, 229, 2008, pp. 375-406.

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